Saturday. 26.11.2022

Finland records an annual fall of 9% in immigrant arrivals

Most of the people that moved into the country in 2017 are foreigners, while Finnish nationals were majority among those who left.

Mother child family by Jhon David
Photo: Jhon David

The total number of persons that moved to Finland during 2017 was 31.797, which was 9% less than in the previous year. This means that Finland received 3.108 persons less than in 2016, according to the last data published by Statistics Finland.

The figures prove that emigration also decreased compared to one year earlier: in 2017 a total of 16.973 people moved abroad from Finland, 6% less than in 2016 (when 18.082 left the country). The migration gained by Finland in the whole 2017 fell to 14.824 persons, against the 16.823 from the previous year.

Of immigrants that arrived, 23.735 persons (or 75%) were foreign citizens in 2017. However, a look into the emigrants’ origin shows that 60% (or 10.167 persons) were Finnish citizens. This allows to say that most of the people that come are foreigners while most of the people that leave the country are nationals. Finland's migration gain from foreign citizens amounted to 16.929 persons, but Finnish citizens generated a migration loss of 2.105 persons, according to Statistics Finland.

Graphic Immigration Historic Stats

Source: Migration 2017. Statistics Finland

Immigration from outside the EU decreases

Finland's migration gain consisted almost completely of immigrants from outside the EU in 2017. However, immigration from countries outside the EU decreased from the year before and emigration to countries outside the EU was also lower. Net immigration from countries outside the EU decreased to 14.249 from the previous year's 15.716.

Immigration gain was largest from Iraq, 2.369 immigrants; second largest from Syria, 1.422 immigrants, and third largest from Russia, 1.420 immigrants.

Immigration from EU countries to Finland went down by 721 persons from the previous year, to 12.192 in 2017.

Emigration to EU countries has now become more steady, according to Statistics Finland. Last year 11.617 persons emigrated from Finland to other EU countries, which was 189 persons less than one year before. As a result of the development described above, Finland’s migration gain from EU countries was nearly half of what it was the year before, 575 persons.

All the Finnish regions received migration gain from international migration. Taking that into account, the number of regions with migration loss falls somewhat. The sum of net immigration and net emigration was negative in twelve regions.

Internal migrations

In 2017, the number of intermunicipal migrations totalled 287.839, which was 5.582 more than in 2016. The number of migrations between regions was 136.684, with a growth of 3.454, having been just 686 in the year before.

When looking at migration inside the country, the region of Uusimaa had the largest and the region of Pirkanmaa the second largest migration gain. In Uusimaa the gain amounted to 7.804 and in Pirkanmaa to 2.109 persons.

The migration gain relative to the population in Mainland Finland was largest in Uusimaa, where the migration gain was nearly five per mil. The relative migration gain in Pirkanmaa was slightly lower than in Uusimaa.

The region having suffered the largest population loss in migration inside the country was Ostrobothnia, 1.402 persons. Kymenlaakso had the largest relative migration loss of nearly eight per mil.

Internal migration and in- and out-migration 2005–2017

 Year    Intermunicipal    Intramunicipal    Immigration    Emigration    Net migration  
2005 267.939 624.030 21.355 12.369 8.986
2006 265.469 600.097 22.451 12.107 10.344
2007
272.285
595.985
26.029
12.443
13.586
2008
262.454
567.619
29.114
13.657
15.457
2009
257.595
577.668
26.699
12.151
14.548
2010
264.362
575.323
25.636
11.905
13.731
2011
274.896
600.781
29.481
12.660
16.821
2012
274.650
595.163
31.278
13.845
17.433
2013
265.844
577.960
31.941
13.893
18.048
2014
267.799
571.775
31.507
15.486
16.021
2015
280.271
613.474
28.746
16.305
12.441
2016
282.257
590.830
34.905
18.082
16.823
2017
287.839
572.688
31.797
16.973
14.824

 

The regional division in all years is the one valid on January 1st 2018

Source: Migration 2017. Statistics Finland

Finland records an annual fall of 9% in immigrant arrivals
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