Pope Francis extolled the virtues of humility during a sermon he gave at St Peter's Basilica in Rome on Friday evening to celebrate Christmas Eve.
"Let us not weep for greatness we do not have. Let us stop complaining ... and let us refrain from the greed that always leaves us unsatisfied," the head of the Catholic Church urged.
"Christmas is a time when each of us needs to find the courage to take off our armour, discard the trappings of our roles, our social recognition and the glitter of this world and adopt ... humility," the pontiff preached.
The 85-year-old celebrated Christmas Eve in accordance with pandemic restrictions for the second year in a row, something Vatican experts speculate he will not have been happy about.
About 1,500 faithful attended the mass, wearing masks and socially distanced as they sat around the central papal altar. With the strict limits on attendance numbers, the mass on Friday evening was a far cry from the usual Vatican Christmas celebrations.